All In Bluff Poker : When to do for the best results?
short answer : You should bluff when there is showdown value.
When do you generally have the strongest desire to bluff?
Is it when the showdown value of your hand is low? why? This is because the profitability of bluffing must be compared with checking or calling the same hand, so in general, you’d better try to showdown with cards of medium strength and bluff with some (not necessarily all) weaker cards fool. But there are always some extreme players who never bluff when they think they have even the slightest showdown value. This will cause them to lose some opportunities, especially when they are facing good players who can identify most or all of your range of showdown value.
Faced with this kind of loophole, you must find ways to fill it.
What should I do? This requires you to understand your range. You have to keep asking yourself “What should be my range of bluffs at this time?”
so that you can recognise that although your hand may have showdown value, bluffs are still The best way to play. It is important not to equate the value of a showdown with a pair. The value of the showdown is extremely dependent on factors such as position, previous actions and the structure of the board. Sometimes the unpaired cards have a great showdown value, and sometimes the top pair or even two pairs have almost no showdown value. A good rule of thumb for this is that whenever your hand is at the “bottom end of the range”, that is, you are holding the worst possible hand at a known time, you should seriously consider whether to bluff, even this hand The cards are a pair.
Don't understand? Okay, let's give an example. The example below is from a WCOOP $1,000 six-handed event, with blinds of 8000/16000 and ante 2000. Our table is a six-handed table, the first player folds, and the second minimum raises to 32,000. The table folded to me and I got 6♣3♣ in the big blind and called. There is no doubt that this hand is very weak, but when I face a relatively wide range of players in the back position and get more than 4:1 odds, I am always reluctant to fold. With a flush tie, calling is not more profitable than folding, but I think it is undoubtedly right to play this way.
Flop: Q♠6♠4♦ I checked, my opponent bet 37800 on the 84000 pot, and I called. Similarly, when facing a relatively wide range with an undeniably weak hand, this pot odds is tempting to call. The opponent may have many better hands, but he may also miss the flop at all. His scope is still very wide, so we can't draw more conclusions, so let's think about our scope. This flop is relatively static and beneficial to the raiser before the flop. He is more likely than me to have strong hands such as AA, KK, QQ and AQ. Therefore, players who are out of position should raise less. However, we should use any pair (discarding 22 can be a defence, but I think I will call with this hand), many flush draws (I will never discard flush draws, but may use Some of them to raise), our best straight draws, such as 75 and 53, and the strongest unpaired hands such as AJ calls.
The turn: 9♦ One result of the balanced flop calling range is that this is not an obviously good hand for us, nor is it a bad hand. The protagonist is happy to see that the draw is not completed if he has a successful card, and if he has QQ, he is also happy to see that it is not a high card. However, if the protagonist has a draw, it does not improve, so this is a bad hand for them. Our hand is not good for betting (if there is any good, it is to prevent the opponent from getting a free card when he is behind, but this good is not as good as the cost of betting on a better hand), so I have I will use most of the range on the turn. The opponent then checked. This is a good sign. He provided an important piece of information about his hand, which clearly implies that he does not have too strong hands. Even the set is very fragile on this hand, so I think he will bet with a good Q and better hands, and will choose some draws from the range to bluff. By this time, I think he is either holding a marginal hand to watch the showdown cheaply, or holding a weak hand and intends to give up, or expecting a miracle on the river.
River card: 5♠ If you keep paying attention to the protagonist's range, you will know that this card is very important. Before the river, the bottom of the protagonist's range included straights and flush draws, but all of these are now either improved to a flush or to a pair. Now, the bottom of the protagonist's range is unpaired cards like AJ, but there are very few. The second place is 75 and 53. These cards are paired in the river card. Then the protagonist has six combined hands. Cards. Because the opponent may also play six combinations of cards like this, the protagonist's card can at least make a small difference. Obviously a 3 is as weak as it is, so if we plan to use 6 to bluff, this card is suitable. One more question, should we use 6x to bluff? Because it has a great chance of winning in the showdown, and we have come up with a few better "substitute" bluffs, the answer to bluffing with 6 remains to be determined. To solve this problem, we also need to consider how wide our value range is. Furthermore, the more value we bet, the more bluffs we should make.
Our weakest Q may be more suitable for bluff catching, but I think most of the Q is enough for value betting. Because the protagonist almost never checks-raise on the flop, there are many QX cards in our range. In addition, we also have improved flush draws, a few slow hands or set sets completed on the turn/river, and a few hands that completed two pairs on the turn or river. Conversely, we have relatively few combinations of 75 and 53. Considering that there are 5 on the board, and the non-suited combinations may fold before the flop, maybe each has six combinations. Although we also bluff with all unpaired hands, the value bet/bluff ratio is still high. We have two approaches to this. The first is to place small bets and provide good odds to your opponent to compensate for the fact that he rarely wins when he calls with a bluff catcher. The second method is better. You make a bigger bet and then bluff with more pairs. This means that our strong hands can win more, or we can steal more pot with weak hands. In either case, as long as we correctly read that the opponent rarely has a Q or better hand, then this strategy is better than the first one.
I bet 88,888, which is a little more than half of the 159,600 pot. There is no doubt that I should have bet bigger. When you have showdown value when bluffing, it is usually best to bluff big. This is because bluffing with these cards is only profitable when the opponent folds a strong hand reasonably, and usually only a big bet can reasonably make a strong hand fold. Here, I think this river card has a good range for me. Even with this bet size, it is very unlikely that the opponent will call with a bluff catcher. In fact, he did fold. Of course, this does not necessarily mean that the bluff is correct; he may also fold a hand that is weaker than 63. It is actually quite difficult to infer from the results whether a bluff is correct, which is why I think it is so important to understand the rationale behind the bluff. When you have a strong range, like this hand, you should not take the usual path and find a hand to bluff, which usually means bluffing with a hand that has showdown value.
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